Alliances and blocs in the era of great-power competition

Forming new alliances like AUKUS or the QUAD does not mean creating new blocs. “Inter-epoch” alliances, for the time in which we find ourselves, will be less formalised and more loosely structured...
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Forced March on Poti and Senaki: Russian Spetsnaz Operation in Georgia in 2008. Part 1

The Russo-Georgian War in 2008 was not a challenge for the Georgian Armed Forces exclusively, but also for Russia. In fact, the consequences of the war triggered the process of the modernisation of the Russian Armed Forces...
Background Check 4 days ago

Considerations on the Causes of the Greatness of the Romans and Their Decline by Montesquieu (Book Review)

One of Montesquieu’s main contributions is the historiosophy of the Roman Empire. This book is one of the first attempts at interpreting the course of history and historical events of the Roman Empire...
Book Review 1 week ago

On the phenomenon of senility. Or a further story of the New Model Forces. Part 2 (a fragment from “Wojna w kosmosie. Przewrót w geopolityce”)

Ultimately, the phenomenon of senility enhances geopolitical change by giving advantage to one side and taking it away from others....
ANW, S&F Hero 2 weeks ago

On the phenomenon of senility, or a further story of the New Model Forces. Part 1 (A fragment from “Wojna w kosmosie. Przewrót w geopolityce”)

The costs of designing, developing and producing weapons increase with the need to find a remedy for the enemy’s means of combating these weapons. And so the race between defence and attack is in full swing...
ANW, S&F Hero 3 weeks ago

Prime Minister’s speech at Piłsudski Square in Warsaw, 11th November 2021. On Poland’s New Model Forces

Warsaw, 11th November 2021, Independence Day, 12:00 p.m., the long-announced speech of Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki in the presence of Jarosław Kaczyński...
Przemówienia 4 weeks ago

New Generation Warfare and Civilian Leadership in the Process of Military Reforms. Part 3: The Serdyukov Reforms

The Russian Armed Forces has witnessed a lot in its history, but they have never had a situation when the chief person in the Armed Forces was an accountant...

The Conceptual Trap of War as a Ballet

Enshrined in doctrine, operational phasing dominates U.S. and NATO thinking on operational art...
Background Check 1 month ago

New Generation Warfare and Civilian Leadership in the Process of Military Reforms. Part 2: McNamara’s Managerial Revolution

Considered the biggest reformer of the Pentagon, Robert McNamara was able to consolidate civilian political control over the military leadership and the defence budget...
Background Check 1 month ago

Geography and Foreign Policy by Nicholas John Spykman

It is already a deep tradition amongst the apologists of the theory of International Relations to compare Geopolitics with ideology or dogmatism...
Book Review 1 month ago

The Last 21 Years: Year (2)019

Following Mike Pence’s 2018 Hudson Institute speech, the wider narrative around China began to change — just as it started to become clear how much of China’s wealth had been ploughed back into infrastructure and the military...

New Generation Warfare and Civilian Leadership in the Process of Military Reforms. Part 1: The Cardwell Reforms

The New Generation Warfare (NGW) revolution is not only exclusively about warfare but is about the comprehensive revolution inside the entire military realm and in the supplementary sectors...

Reforms and innovations in the Polish Armed Forces. Towards a New Model Forces. Part 2. On strategic culture

Just as art arises from the meeting of culture with circumstances, and just as great art arises from an encounter with extraordinary circumstances, the way of waging war is a meeting of the strategic culture of a state with extreme circumstances, bringing death and destruction, sometimes even the end of that state...
S&F Hero 2 months ago

Reforms and innovations in the Polish Armed Forces. Towards a New Model Forces. Part 1

In 2021, any thinking about reform or innovation in the Polish Armed Forces, or more broadly - in the immunity system of the entire Polish state...
S&F Hero 2 months ago

Afghanistan: Consequences for World History

Let us abstract away from what is happening now in the world and concentrate on the historical importance of the events in Afghanistan. What follows here is my humble attempt to forecast the near future which is already just over the horizon...
Background Check 2 months ago

Two Battlegrounds of the Great Game in Eurasia: the South China Sea and the Black Sea. Part 1 of 3

The Great Game of the XXI century is not only about Afghanistan anymore. This time, it is about a struggle by the Land Powers to bite into the World Ocean and to undermine the West’s monopoly over it and the Freedom of Navigation concept...
Background Check 2 months ago

The New Regional Geopolitical Equilibrium in the Southern Caucasus

The Southern Caucasus is one of the most dangerous hotspots on the Eurasian continent. For centuries, the region has attracted regional and global players. Its small nations exist constantly under the pressure of three crucial Eurasian powers: Russia, Turkey and Iran...
Background Check 3 months ago

War in space – a turning point in geopolitics

For the first time mankind has reached the frontiers of space, not for glory, but simply to win the war. Now he is also reaching out to space to earn money...
S&F Hero 3 months ago

Andrei Sakharov’s “Thoughts on progress, peaceful coexistence and intellectual freedom” (Book Review)

Many know of Andrei Sakharov (1921-1989) as a Soviet dissident, a Nobel laureate, an activist for disarmament, peace, and human rights. Of course he was also a nuclear physicist and the designer of the first two-stage hydrogen bomb...
Book Review 3 months ago

The game for agency after Nord Stream

The case of NS2, New START, the Three Seas Initiative and Biden’s arrangements with Putin close the period of 30 years of geopolitical pause for Poland...
S&F Hero 3 months ago

Mental maps for the Polish elite in 2021

Here are nine points where, in my opinion, the geopolitical reality is different than at the time of the mental mapping of our elites in the last 200 years...
S&F Hero 3 months ago

Poland’s Anchoring Strategy and the Case for a Rethink

In the 21st century, the balance of power in Eurasia is structurally different than it was in the last two hundred years, when the mental maps of our elites were taking shape...
Background Check 3 months ago

Geopolitical Drivers of China and Russia towards Taiwan and Crimea. Part 2

In March 1965, Mao reportedly told the member of a Palestinian delegation: “Imperialism is afraid of China and the Arabs. Israel and Formosa are bases of imperialism in Asia. You are the front gate of the great continent, and we are the rear. They created Israel for you, and Formosa for us"...
Background Check 3 months ago

David and Goliath, or an Old Testament story about Poland’s New Model Forces (for those who can read between the lines). Part 2

The biblical story of David leads to several conclusions about the development of weapons and the nature of warfare. New breakthrough technology often feels less advanced than the old...
S&F Hero 3 months ago

Geopolitical Drivers of China and Russia towards Taiwan and Crimea. Part 1

Taiwan and Crimea have many interesting similarities both in terms of their geopolitical and geostrategic importance and in terms of historic and cultural narratives for China and Russia. It seems that the leaders of both countries are committed to the idea of “collecting lost lands”...
Background Check 4 months ago

David and Goliath, or an Old Testament story about Poland’s New Model Forces (for those who can read between the lines). Part 1

In the time of Goliath, it was clear and obvious that heavy bronze armour and an iron-tipped spear were the basis of a soldier’s strength...
S&F Hero 4 months ago

Drone Guerilla Warfare in the Middle East: Part 5 of 5

In the near future nobody is going to establish international rules for the different types of UAVs. The proliferation of drone technologies and their decreasing prices on the global market are going to continue...
Background Check 4 months ago

War Vs Peace Unit Update Report #10. May 2021

War Vs Peace Unit Update Report #10
Background Check 4 months ago

Drone Guerilla Warfare in the Middle East: Part 4 of 5

Since the development of drone warfare, defence against the attacks and surveillance of different types of UAVs have been included as a component of A2/AD strategies...
Background Check 4 months ago

War Vs Peace Missile Report #64. May 2021

War Vs Peace Missile Report #64. May 2021
Background Check 4 months ago

The Drone Eats With Me by Atef Abu Saif (Book Review)

It seems Israel will never leave Gaza. It is always here, even if its soldiers are not visible, patrolling the streets as they did not so long ago. The occupation is now truly twenty-first century—the best drone technology in the world...
Background Check 4 months ago

Drone Guerilla Warfare in the Middle East: Part 3 of 5

Israel has responded to the activities of the militants in Lebanon and Palestine by developing a genuinely sophisticated system of UCAVs which encompass strategic, medium-size and tactical drones...
Background Check 4 months ago

Drone Guerilla Warfare in the Middle East: Part 2 of 5

It has become popular to refer to Turkey as the main drone “superpower” in the region, but it would be a grave mistake to think that in the Middle East only Israel and Turkey have developed sophisticated UAV industries...
Background Check 5 months ago

Drone Guerilla Warfare in the Middle East: Part 1 of 5

Rapidly developing both in theory and in practice, drone warfare will in the near future likely define and shape the nature of war...

“Gente Polonus natione Europae?” – the voice of one of the subscribers. Part 2

Europe is part of "Western civilisation", to which, apart from Europe itself, it is customary to include all its (regrettably, usually evolved as a result of rape) "children": primarily North America, with the United States as a global power, and Latin America, with Brazil growing in importance in the global puzzle, as well as the area of ​​Australia and Oceania...
Background Check 5 months ago

Poland on the Black Sea

“Poland from sea to sea” (Polska od morza do morza). This slogan is most often associated with the 16th century and the period of the greatest power of the Polish Republic...
Background Check 5 months ago

Turkish Media and the Turkish Expert Community’s reaction to the Polish-Turkish Drone Deal

Poland has joined the list of countries that are going to operate the Turkish Bayraktar UAVs. In the near future, Turkish drones are going to fly in the skies of Poland and the Baltic countries along with the other countries...

The Ukrainian-Russian War: An Assessment of Risks, Scenarios and Theatres of War. Part 5 of 5

The experiences of previous Russian-Ukrainian confrontations shows that the easiest task for Moscow was to take control over Kharkov and Sloboda Ukraine...
Background Check 5 months ago

Equilibrium

After the recent talks between Blinken and Lavrov, and the US and Germany getting along over Nordstream, we smelled Rapallo. Obviously different than 100 years ago, but the mechanism is similar...
S&F Hero 5 months ago

“Gente Polonus natione Europae?” – the voice of one of the subscribers. Part 1

This essay is not strictly geopolitical in nature, but the cultural issues raised in it, in the field of comparative studies of civilisation, are naturally related to geopolitics...
Background Check 5 months ago

Jack London’s “The Iron Heel” (Book review)

The Iron Heel is a dystopian novel by American writer Jack London. Published in 1908, it sets out to warn that a dangerous new society is rising on the horizon...
Background Check 5 months ago

The Ukrainian-Russian War: An Assessment of Risks, Scenarios and Theatres of War. Part 4 of 5

Theatre of War “C” – the Northern Tavrida ‘Peninsula’ - from a geopolitical perspective, this theatre is given by the geopolitical divine to be occupied if the Crimean Peninsula is already under control...
Background Check 5 months ago

The Last 21 Years: Year (2)018

10 years after the Beijing Olympics had showcased the awakening of Napoleon’s “sleeping giant”, 2018 was the year that America signalled - finally (?) - that it would now be taking a much tougher approach...
Background Check 5 months ago

The Ukrainian-Russian War: An Assessment of Risks, Scenarios and Theatres of War. Part 3 of 5

Scenario Five - this scenario is closer to the second scenario or even to the first one, but in this scenario, Russia imposes its entire technological superiority and destroys the main concentrations of Ukrainian military equipment, material and navy...
Background Check 5 months ago

A Polish perspective on the strategic choices facing America. Part 2

W wymiarze wojskowym wycofanie się Amerykanów na zachodnią półkulę w ramach offshore balancing oznaczałoby redukcję w amerykańskim arsenale nuklearnym z jednoczesnym rozwojem tarczy antyrakietowej...
Background Check 5 months ago

The Ukrainian-Russian War: An Assessment of Risks, Scenarios and Theatres of War. Part 2 of 5

Scenario Two - here the strategic goals are much greater and the effects in case of its realisation would not be simply political or diplomatic...
Background Check 6 months ago

A Polish perspective on the strategic choices facing America. Part 1

Any effective strategy (for a country in Poland’s position) requires an understanding of one’s own limitations, both related to the foundations of one’s own power and to the existing obligations of a superpower...
Background Check 6 months ago

The Ukrainian-Russian War: An Assessment of Risks, Scenarios and Theatres of War. Part 1 of 5

2021 will be the anniversary of Ukrainian independence and 30 years since the fall of the Soviet Union.,,
Background Check 6 months ago

Return to the Republic: The Polish Premier at Wawel

We are continuing our new series at Strategy&Future, writing simulated speeches for Poland’s politicians on the most important and important issues of foreign policy and grand strategy. We associate it with real events and the opportunities to deliver such speeches...
Przemówienia, S&F Hero 6 months ago

Adapt or Die. Obsolescence, Offset Strategies and the Pacific

“We’re a maritime nation – we’ve grown by the sea and live by it; if we lose command of it we starve” – this is what the English used to say. The Americans still say it today. So it is no coincidence that the US Navy is the pride of the American armed forces - nor is it a coincidence that aircraft carriers are the pride of the US Navy, a symbol of its power and the United States.
Background Check 6 months ago

“Free Odessa – Odessa Republic – Southwest Territory (1917-1919)” by Victor Savchenko (Book review)

Geopolitics has different expressions, usually global or regional, but sometimes it can be interesting to understand the phenomenon of geopolitics through the local angle. Victor Savchenko’s book which I present today is truly one of those books that give us a picture of how geopolitics works at the local level...
Background Check 6 months ago

Warsaw, its communication, fortifications and cursed latitudinal trail. Part 4

At the beginning of the 20th century, almost 260,000 Russian troops were stationed in the Polish theatre of war, including 216,000 in Congress Poland itself, of which 170,000 on the right bank of the Vistula...
S&F Hero 6 months ago

The Last 21 Years: Year (2)017

In the last seven years of the Obama Presidency (2010-2016), the Dow Jones had risen from 11,500 to 19,500, an average of just over 1,000 points every year...
Background Check 6 months ago

The Arc of Instability from Eastern Europe to the Southern Caucasus. What’s next? Part 2

TIn autumn, the situation in the region deteriorated. On September 27th, the month and a half long Nagorno-Karabakh War began. The geopolitical consequences of the war were detrimental for Armenia, and have not been settled so far. The country fell totally under the control of Moscow, hence increasing Russian military presence in the Southern Caucasus.
Background Check 6 months ago

War Vs Peace Unit Update Report #8

War Vs Peace Unit Update Report #8

Warsaw, its communication, fortifications and cursed latitudinal trail. Part 3

Both orientations of Polish foreign policy - “Piast” and “Jagiellonian” must deal with the problem emanating from the Smolensk Gate towards Warsaw, to the decision-making and dispositional centre of the Polish state...
S&F Hero 6 months ago

War Vs Peace Missile Report #62

War Vs Peace Missile Report #62 March 2021

The Arc of Instability from Eastern Europe to the Southern Caucasus. What’s next? Part 1

The second half of 2020 will be considered by many historians and experts as an important historical period that determined the development of the political and geopolitical situation in two crucial regions of Europe, Eastern Europe and the Southern Caucasus...
Background Check 7 months ago

Warsaw, its communication, fortifications and cursed latitudinal trail. Part 2

The defence of Warsaw in the summer of 1794 is one of the most beautiful pages of the Polish military...
S&F Hero 7 months ago

Special Operations Forces Command and Crimean Operation

In 2013 Russia’s Defence Minister Sergey Shoygu and Chief of General Staff Valery Gerasimov jointly announced the creation of a Special Operations Forces...
Background Check 7 months ago

The Last 21 Years: Year (2)016

Some years are more memorable than others: the terror attacks of 2001, the Iraq invasion of 2003, Hurricane Katrina in 2005, the birth of the smartphone era in 2007, the financial crisis of 2008, the ‘Arab Spring’ in 2011, the annexation of Crimea and the war in the Donbas in 2014. And although we might not have thought so at first, 2016 would turn out to be another “one of those years”!

Warsaw, its communication, fortifications and cursed latitudinal trail. Part 1

For much of world history, cities have been fortified to defend themselves against attack. To this day, they are a difficult nut to crack for attacking troops, despite modern combat measures. It was no different with Warsaw...
S&F Hero 7 months ago

War Vs Peace Missile Report #61

War Vs Peace Missile Report #61
Background Check 7 months ago

The Last 21 Years: Year (2)015

2015 was the year of the European Migrant Crisis, when makeshift refugee camps in Greek Islands off the coast of Turkey began filling up with families (and young men) fleeing the ongoing Syrian Civil War...

Jagiellonian Policy in the 21st Century

It is now 100 years since the signing of the peace treaty in Riga, which ended Poland’s war in the east with Soviet Russia and established relations in our part of the world for the following 20 years...
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 7 months ago

A perfect storm over Taiwan

In February, at a panel organized by the National University of Singapore, former Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd expressed his conviction that the next decade of Sino-American relations will be marked by "living on the edge." Rudd's idée fixe is that China and the United States develop "barriers", allowing both powers to continue their inevitable rivalry while reducing the risk of a kinetic conflict between them...
Background Check 7 months ago

Turkey’s Military and Technological Sovereignty: The Path to Great Power Status. Part 2

Turkey’s drive for military technological independence has shown tremendous results...
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 7 months ago

Why?

I have had the intention of writing these few sentences for some time, watching the debate around the rapidly changing international scene and the accompanying public debate in Poland and abroad. But let me start with a series of questions?
Background Check 7 months ago

Turkey’s Military and Technological Sovereignty: The Path to Great Power Status. Part 1

Boxing is maybe the best way to explain Turkey’s place in world politics. The weight class of Turkey has changed throughout history, but Turkey was always either a member of the heavyweight division or somewhere between light heavyweight and middleweight...
S&F Hero 8 months ago

The Last 21 Years: Year (2)014

The Euromaidan protests in Kyiv started on 21st November 2013 after President Viktor Yanukovich announced Ukraine’s suspension of an association agreement with the EU, meaning the East European country would instead seek closer ties with Moscow. This was a post-colour revolution...
Background Check 8 months ago

Australia’s role in America’s war with China. Part 2

Perhaps the greatest operational advantage of the USA over the Chinese side is the possibility of waging a modern submarine war in conditions of domination over the enemy, both in terms of combat technology and training of the crews...
S&F Hero 8 months ago

Australia’s role in America’s war with China. Part 1

In the US plans for a war with China, Australia plays the role of a base for peripheral operations in the Indian Ocean and in the Indonesian straits...
Background Check, S&F Hero 8 months ago

The Last 21 Years: 2013

Barack Obama’s (second) inauguration speech on 21st January 2013 contained this rather hopeful line: “A decade of war is now ending”...
Background Check 8 months ago

Pressure for a concert of powers in Asia

The continued growth of China's power raises a fundamental question: what next, especially in the longer term?
S&F Hero 8 months ago

Eugen Richter „Pictures of the Socialistic Future” (Book review)

The history of the future (futurology), the philosophy of history, geopolitics and astropolitics are the most interesting fields of human knowledge...
Background Check 8 months ago

The Last 21 Years: (2)011

We have to be careful about the terms we use to describe events. As Tim Marshall argued in the Spectator in October 2012, “calling these events the ‘Arab Spring’ automatically frames them as positive”...
Background Check 9 months ago

Yevgeny Zamyatin “We” (Book review)

The first anti-utopia was written in 1920 in the Soviet Russia by Evgeni Zamyatin. In Russia, the novel was published only in 1988, and the reaction in Soviet Russia in the 20s was outrage, forcing Zamyatin to leave the country...
Background Check 9 months ago

The Role of Egypt in the Russian Strategic Vision

Egypt in the Russian agenda plays the most important role for the Middle East and Africa, and the cooperation seems to be increasing in 2021...
Background Check 9 months ago

The Last 21 Years: (2)010

On 4th January 2010, the Burj Khalifa opened in Dubai. At 828 metres, it was the world’s tallest building...
Background Check 9 months ago

Jacek Bartosiak, Ridvan Bari Urcosta and Gustav Gressel talk about the Germany’s foreign policy (Video)

Jacek Bartosiak, Ridvan Bari Urcosta and Gustaw Gressler talk about the Germany's foreign policy.

The Last 21 Years: Year (2)009

The phrase “up in the air” perfectly captures the world at the beginning of 2009 (and, arguably, ever since)...

Nuclear Strategy. Part 4: Delicate balance of terror

There were many iconic images of the first nuclear age; soldiers moving towards a nuclear mushroom soaring into the sky; videos of the explosions themselves, the famous photo of US troops emerging from trenches...
S&F Hero 9 months ago

Jacek Bartosiak and Velina Tchakarova debate the great power competition in Eurasia (Video)

Jacek Bartosiak and Velina Tchakarova debate the great power competition in Eurasia.

Konstantin Tsiolkovsky “Adventures of the Atom”. Book review

Konstantin Eduardovich was not only a genius astrophysicist and rocket scientist, but also created a cosmic philosophy which he presented in his many different articles, essays and novels...
Background Check 9 months ago

The Last 21 Years: Year (2)008

“The numbers tell us this was a debate between change and experience, and change won”...
Background Check 9 months ago

Ukraine’s Search for security: from NATO and PESCO to bipartisan relations with independent players (the US, the UK, Turkey). Part 2

London introduced a comprehensive post-Brexit strategy towards Ukraine and now it has several components...
Background Check 10 months ago

British-Ukrainian military cooperation as a part of London’s Post-Brexit Strategy. Part 2

However, what were truly revolutionary and historic were the documents signed recently between London and Kiev. The Political, Free Trade and Strategic Partnership Agreement signed on 8th October 2020 in London during the official visit of the Ukrainian President to the UK...

The Last 21 Years: Year (2)007

“Every once in a while, a revolutionary product comes along that changes everything.” Normally we might be inclined to ignore Steve Jobs’ sales patter but here, on 9th January 2007 unveiling the first-generation Apple iPhone, he was - as they say - on point...
Background Check 10 months ago

British-Ukrainian military cooperation as a part of London’s Post-Brexit Strategy. Part 1

The United Kingdom is approaching the final stage of Brexit. London is thinking about the post-Brexit period of its history and is searching for a new post-Brexit grand strategy...
Background Check 10 months ago

Report from the “Twentieth War” S&F. Part 1

This is actually not a report yet, but rather an account of what we have already done and indeed where we are going...
Background Check, S&F Hero 10 months ago

Ukraine’s Search for security: from NATO and PESCO to bipartisan relations with independent players (the US, the UK, Turkey). Part 1

The main geopolitical imperative of Ukraine is to find a way to maintain its social and political resilience together with the territorial integrity of the country...
Background Check 10 months ago

The Last 21 Years: Year (2)006

In the 31st January 1907 edition of Le Matin, under the headline Paris-Pékin Automobile: Un défi prodigieux, there was a really remarkable story which looked set to define what we now think of as the first era of globalisation...
Background Check 10 months ago

On deglobalisation – December 2020

The theory of global free trade is fashionable now, just as it was before the First World War...
S&F Hero 10 months ago

Michail Leontiev. “The Great Game (Great Britain against Russia and the USSR)”. Book review

This book was written in 2008 by one of the staunch supporters of Vladimir Putin’s regime. Mikhail Leontiev was born in Moscow in 1958 and for many years was involved in Russian politics, more specifically in Russian media space...
Background Check 10 months ago

The Crush Zone in December 2020

As I wrote earlier, we are worried on the Vistula River about American security guarantees under the new administration in Washington. But this is not everything...
S&F Hero 10 months ago

Poland and the European Intermarium (Video)

Poland and the European Intermarium, by Jacek Bartosiak, Autumn 2020
Audio & Video, S&F Hero 10 months ago

The Last 21 Years: Year (2)005

Opened in December 2005, the Donghai Bridge — connecting mainland Shanghai with a new deepwater container port on the islands of Yangshan in Hangzhou Bay 32.5km away — was not the world’s longest cross-water bridge...
Background Check 10 months ago

The Essence of Alliances

And again, on the Vistula River, we are worried whether our security guarantees will not change after the US elections. Politics is indeed a dynamic, not a static condition. The competition never ends...
S&F Hero 11 months ago

The Last 21 Years: Year (2)004

Taipei 101 — named after its 101 floors — opened on 31st December 2004, having earlier in the year been recognised as the world’s tallest skyscraper at 509.2 m (spire), 449.2 m (roof height). Under President Chen Shui-bian of the nationalist Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), who was re-elected in March 2004 after a four-year term, the Republic of China (Taiwan) had begun to distance itself from the PRC...
Background Check 11 months ago

Nuclear strategy: part 3: Ike and Ivy Mike. Strategy of massive retaliation

In November (or more precisely - November 14) anno domini 1952, in Great Britain the weekly charts were published for the first time...
S&F Hero 11 months ago

The Last 21 Years: Year (2)003

In Baghdad, the capital city, you will see street merchants selling exactly the same kind of pottery that their ancestors sold at the time of the Arabian Nights..
Background Check 11 months ago

Artemis: the USA’s return to the Moon

The United States is planning to return to the Moon, but this time it looks more serious and aggressive than ever...
Background Check 11 months ago

Ridvan Bari Urcosta and Marek Budzisz talk to Dr. Can Kasapoğlu on the geopolitical future of Turkey (Podcast)

Ridvan Bari Urcosta and Marek Budzisz talk to Dr. Can Kasapoğlu...
Audio & Video 11 months ago

Jacek Bartosiak talks to Parag Khanna on the future of the world (Podcast)

Jacek Bartosiak talks to Parag Khanna on the future of the world, patterns of globalization, and...
Audio & Video 11 months ago

The Last 21 Years: Year (2)002

2001 had been amongst the most difficult years in America’s history and the world now waited to see how it would respond...
Background Check 11 months ago

Turkish Drones Doctrine: Advance Technology that gives Advance Geopolitics

In the recent decade, the advanced UAVs technologies proliferated far beyond the traditional powers -  Israel, the U.S. and West, at large - that dominated this technological field...
Background Check 11 months ago

Jacek Bartosiak talks to John J. Klein on the Space Warfare

Jacek Bartosiak talks to John J. Klein on the Space Warfare and the future of US Space Force...
Audio & Video 11 months ago

Nuclear strategy. Truman, NSC-68 and “Super”: Toward Massive Retaliation. Part II

On 29th August, almost exactly four years after the use of the weapon by the United States, the USSR conducted its first nuclear test, the RDS-1...
S&F Hero 11 months ago

The Last 21 Years: Year (2)001

On 21st June 2001, a train set off from Yandi in the arid upland interior of Western Australia to the Port of Port Hedland 275 km away on the Indian Ocean...

The Role of Russia, China, USA and Europe (Podcast)

Jacek Bartosiak, Marek Budzisz & Ridvan Bari Urcosta from Strategy&Future talk with Fyodor A. Lukyanov - Editor-in-Chief of Russia in Global Affairs...
Audio & Video 12 months ago

Beyond the Post-Cold War Era

Between 1989 and 1991, the strategic map of Eurasia altered dramatically as broad swathes of territory reopened to international markets after a long period of enclosure behind communist walls...

From Sagres to Boca Chica. From the V2 rocket to combat stations at the libration points. Part 1

Movement is an exchange. Exchange requires money. Exchange and money are economics. Movement, exchange and money require communication. All this requires innovations in connectivity and there are benefits to be reaped...
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 12 months ago

The Last 21 Years: Year (2)000

The 21st century didn’t begin officially until 1st Jan 2001 but in the popular imagination, 2000 represented a new beginning: a new century, a new millennium. The collapse of the Soviet Union was now an increasingly distant point in the rear-view mirror...

“Our Middle East. Notes of the Soviet Ambassador to Egypt and Iran” by Vladimir Mikhailovich Vinogradov

The book which I would like to present has historical importance for those who are interested in the revolutionary events in Iran between the three historical periods of this ancient country...

Jacek Bartosiak talks to Brandon Weichert on his book “Winning Space” (Podcast)

Jacek Bartosiak talks to Brandon Weichert on his book “Winning Space” and possibility of the coming US-China war and why space will matter most now...
Audio & Video, Uncategorized 12 months ago

Nuclear Strategy. Early years and the chaos of the first nuclear age. Part I

Before August 6, 1945, Bernard Brodie's future seemed more or less stable; the war in Europe was over; the war in the Pacific would end sooner or later, probably as a result of the long and bloody campaign on the Japanese islands...
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 12 months ago

Crushing the Niemen bastion. Part 2

Working in a dispersed manner and with exposed flanks means that officers of the combat forces should be educated differently...
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 12 months ago

Jacek Bartosiak talks to Everett Dolman on US Space Force (Podcast)

Jacek Bartosiak talks to Everett Dolman on US Space Force, its mission and future, on Artemis program of moon exploration, and on US-China growing competition in space...

Crushing the Niemen bastion. Part I

You could say that almost everything comes down to the Niemen. A river that is ubiquitous in Polish history, culture and literature. Also, of course, in the history of wars in our part of the world. When it comes to a possible war in defence of the Baltic states, it is no different.
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 1 year ago

The Theaters of Greco-Turkish War: a geostrategic projection. Part V

During the Cold War, Washington needed these two countries in order to contain the Soviets’ drive in the south, but since the end of the Cold War and the elimination of the “Russian threat”, all that’s left is the direct territorial, religious and military contradictions between Greece and Turkey...

Strategic Assessment of Drones Warfare in the Nagorno-Karabakh

It is not a sci-fi movie anymore: the war of the drone is reality and it is happening now...

When the Chinese go to war. Part Two

And what will China propose now, when tensions escalate in relations between the great powers, when there is open talk of a "new cold war" which does not even rule out the prospect of a hot war?
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 1 year ago

The Theaters of Greco-Turkish War: a geostrategic projection. Part IV

The Military Balance 2020 provides the following information regarding the military forces of Turkey and Greece. In 2019, Turkey possessed the biggest army in Europe with 355,200 active military personnel and 378,700 reserves...

The Theaters of Greco-Turkish War: a geostrategic projection. Part III

The Cilicia war theater existed during the Franco-Turkish War (1918-1921). In Turkish military historiography, it is known as the “southern front.”

When the Chinese go to war. Part I

The geopolitical and geostrategic pause initiated after the collapse of the USSR has apparently ended. First, after the crisis of 2008, the world economic and trade order shuddered...
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 1 year ago

The Theaters of Greco-Turkish War: a geostrategic projection. Part II

The Megisti (Kastellorizo) theater of operation is the most interesting and the most attractive island to Turkey...

The Theaters of Greco-Turkish War: a geostrategic projection. Part I

Turkey is changing its geopolitical posture in the region and her strategy is omnidirectional. For the last five years, Turkey has been very busy with the military conflicts in Syria and Iraq, but the situation is slowly evolving into one that is stable and manageable for Turkey...

Belarus and Czechoslovakia

This summer was influenced by reports from Belarus, where not only the fate of this country is being decided, but also the security status of the entire Intermarium region, including Poland...
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 1 year ago

Of democracies, autocracies and nukes (Podcast)

Professor Matthew Kroenig and Albert Świdziński discuss the China-US conflict through the lens of systems of governance, Russian doctrine of escalate to de-escalate, and the future of China's nuclear strategy...

Decoupling Poland-Germany. Part 2

What will come of the lack of cooperation in the consolidation of the European Union and a clear pro-American orientation in the face of tensions on the Brussels-Washington line?
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 1 year ago

Strategy&Future – „Project 2030″

Strategy&Future is launching a foresight analysis titled "Project 2030" concerning prospective security crises that would bear on Poland's security...

Decoupling Poland-Germany. Part 1

Since joining NATO and the EU, Poland has based its foreign policy on its two most important partners - Germany in economic terms and the US in the military field...
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 1 year ago

Romania: Poland’s natural, underestimated ally

„ [..] And the Pole must stay on this land, so that Polish tears and Polish blood will not be wasted, because this land is poured with Polish blood to defend it…”

Quo vadis SOF?

The September 2001 attacks on the World Trade Center changed the course of history. It began a global war on terrorism, which shook new life into Special Forces and redefined their character...

The Littorals of the Great Cosmic Ocean. Terra’s Orbits

As I write these words, the number of people who have traveled in space since the beginning of our planet has not exceeded 600. Not too many...
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 1 year ago

Makhmut Gareev “My last war (Afghanistan without Soviet troops)”

This book sheds light on the Soviet Union’s strategic convulsions in Afghanistan when the country almost collapsed but still by inertia was trying to behave as a Superpower with geopolitical commitments.

Geostrategic Assessment of The Greco-Turkish Wars: Projection of the Future War. Part I

The dramatic relations between Greece and Turkey are rooted in history, religion, ideology and ultimately geopolitics. The Russian-Turkish Wars in the XVIII and XIX centuries tremendously weakened the Ottoman Empire...
Background Check 1 year ago

BELARUS THE BELLIGERENT

On August 9, Belarus held it’s 6th presidential election. Shockingly – shockingly! – according to official estimates and exit polls, this was yet another resounding victory by the country's long-standing strongman leader, Alexander Lukashenka.

August 2020. Belarus – a turning point for Poland

We have a serious crisis in Belarus. The basic facts we in general know. It is much more difficult to discern the real, structural forces...
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 1 year ago

Russell Grenfell’s Sea Power (1940)

In the far southwestern corner of England, overlooking the blue Atlantic and the green rolling hills of Penwith, there is a village of tiny grey stone cottages...

Turkey’s New Global Posture: Grand Strategy and Geopolitical Imperatives. Part III

We’ve seen changes in U.S. foreign policy - the geopolitical pivot to the Pacific - and the U.S. needs someone who is able to keep an eye on the Greater Middle East through an American lens...

Intermarium Weekly 12-18.08.2020

“If you destroy the country’s first President, this will be the beginning of the end - you will always be on your knees.” Alexander Lukashenko still seeks to frame himself as a guarantor of national independence and sovereignty...

The Coming Pacific War. Part 7. War Itself

A significant document on the strategic and conceptual games played regarding the conflict between the United States and China is the report produced in September 2015 by the RAND Corporation...
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 1 year ago

Turkey and Greece: Escalation in the Aegean

The Baltic-Eastern Mediterranean zone which divides the European peninsula from the rest of Eurasia is becoming dangerously unstable. Last week there were reports that the row between Ankara and Athens had evolved into a more aggressive stage...

Understanding Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s “The Social Contract” and other essays in XXI century

Rousseau’s philosophy is mainly interpreted in two ways: firstly (and most commonly) through the concept of Romanticism, merging his ideas with his extraordinary personality...

Turkey’s New Global Posture: Grand Strategy and Geopolitical Imperatives. Part II

Turkish plans for the creation of energy independence are based upon three main pillars with the use of critical sources of power...

Intermarium Weekly 05-11.08.2020

On August 10, the election commission updated the preliminary data on the results of voting in the presidential elections in Belarus...

The Coming Pacific War. Part 6. China Has a Vote, Too

According to data from the World Bank, China’s economy quadrupled in size between 2000 and 2012. Official military budgets grew even faster – from $20 billion in 2000 to $120 billion in 2013...
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 1 year ago

Ahead of the New Frontier. Part III. The Mare Liberum (Freedom of the Seas) from Sea to Space 

The main feature of the Anglo-Saxon world is global dominance and its customary law and institutions that they dominate over the World Ocean...

Intermarium Weekly 29.07-04.08.2020

The political situation in Belarus is increasingly volatile, and the election process is developing in an increasingly unpredictable fashion...

Turkey’s New Global Posture: Grand Strategy and Geopolitical Imperatives. Part I

None of the geopolitical actors in Eurasia and beyond were ready for Turkey to come up with such ambitions and with such an omnidirectional grand strategy encompassing the whole of West Eurasia...

The Coming Pacific War. Part 5. Criticism

The AirSea Battle Concept is an operational concept. It does not constitute a strategy and therefore does not cover all of the aspects of a confrontation, including the method by which a final victory will be achieved in a future war with China...
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 1 year ago

The Coming Pacific War. Part 4: Variants of War

War Plans assume two basic scenarios for achieving a military victory over China: the direct approach and the indirect approach...
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 1 year ago

Britain’s China strategy dilemma

In the wild and wary aftermath of the Brexit revolution, many simply assumed that the UK would lose influence in the rest of the world...

Ahead of the New Frontier: from Naval Warfare Theory to Space Strategy. Part II: The Geopolitical Principles and Imperatives for a future war in Outer Space

The Persian Gulf War marked a turning point in human history in the XX century because, in some respect, it ended the Cold War. Moreover, it introduced space power as an element of contemporary warfare...

Ahead of the New Frontier: from Naval Warfare Theory to Space Strategy. Part I

The canon of the strategic theory is full of interesting and unique concepts that were introduced many years earlier than they were implemented in the operational models of modern warfare. However, since it first emerged as an independent field of scientific discussion, its most difficult challenge might be to develop strategic theoretical patterns and concepts for the future wars in Outer Space.

Intermarium Weekly 14-21.07.2020

The main features of this week are that people started to respond to violence by violence; an oppositional coalition was created; and that Lukashenka allegedly was hospitalized, but it wasn’t true...

The Coming Pacific War. Part 3: Basing

The United States Pacific Command (PACOM) has in its care 169 million square kilometres of the area of Asia and the Pacific, encompassing 50% of the world’s population...

On the necessity to include climate considerations in long-term security and strategy planning

Regardless of whether the ongoing changes in the world’s climate are man-induced, the reality of their occurrence is a fact...

The Baltic States defensibility (Podcast)

Jacek Bartosiak and Albert Świdziński discussing the Baltic States defensibility after the terrain tour in July 2020...

The Coming Pacific War. Part 2. Situational Awareness

The most important task will be to maintain combat situational awareness, i.e. tracking, detection, communication, control & command, cyber domain, target acquisition and post-combat damage assessment.

The Coming Pacific War. Part 1. How to kick the door to the Chinese Bar

The US and China may go to war in the Pacific, soon. As of 2020 the chance of that happening is increasingly significant. Both began preparations for that long ago...
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 1 year ago

Intermarium Weekly 23-30.06.2020

The situation in Belarus is not as desperate as it appeared last week because both sides are now at the stage of preparations for the final struggle...

The Thucydides trap and a security dilemma. Part 2

It is important to think carefully about how to draw the right conclusions from past mistakes. Given the growing competition between the United States and China...
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 1 year ago

Hannah Arendt “On Revolution”. Book review

Hannah Arendt is quite a popular theoretician in universities of the West, well known for her development of the theory of Totalitarianism. Her intellectual interests were based upon the main problems of the XX century...

Intermarium Weekly 17-23.06.2020

The political situation in Belarus is changing dramatically and dynamic events are underway, therefore it is worth undertaking a more detailed analysis of the situation in the country...

The Thucydides trap and a security dilemma. Part 1

After the publication of Graham Allison's book about the upcoming US war with China, the concept of the “Thucydides trap” was often used...
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 1 year ago

Fort Trump featuring the rest of the World

Back in 2018, the idea of Fort Trump was floated by the Polish President Andrzej Duda, with the implicit hope of making the presence of US assets permanent...

The Revolution in the Drone Warfare: the lessons from the Idlib De-Escalation Zone. Part II

In the case of Libya, Turkey is achieving its geopolitical goals astonishingly successfully, in the same way as in Syria. The presence of drones does not resemble the presence of military forces...

Heading for outer space. Part 4. The Polyglobal Competition of Powers

There are different concepts to solve the problem of the lack of an international regime. Although space powers would not necessarily sign up to a regime in the context proposed in the system, seeing how a similar solution works in the Convention on the Law of the Sea, this does not mean that other solutions are not being sought.
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 1 year ago

The Revolution in the Drone Warfare: the lessons from the Idlib De-Escalation Zone. Part I

Turkey and Russia are the two countries that are now learning how to operationally use a new type of the XXI century warfare, Drone (UAV) Warfare...
Background Check 1 year ago

Heading for outer space. Part 3: Space resources

Gold rush - this is a term that’s increasingly used in the media in the context of space. Mention is made of a new Wild West and a space race in which not only prestige is at stake...
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 1 year ago

Democracy versus Meritocracy

When Alfred T. Mahan was prophesying the rise of China back in 1897, he talked about modern European civilisation having grown up “under the shadow of the Cross”...

Australia in the US-China confrontation – Jacek Bartosiak and Hugh White (Podcast)

Jacek Bartosiak is talking to Hugh White on the choice of Australia in the US-China confrontation and...

US grand strategy towards China and Eurasia (Podcast)

Jacek Bartosiak is talking to Jakub Grygiel on the current US grand strategy towards China and greater Eurasia.

Multi Domain Battle

The goal of Americans in the coming years will be to maintain the ability to project power in all areas in which China and Russia - in the face of the current world system - are trying to push back against the interests of the US...

China-American Informational “Biological” Warfare: From “Yellow Peril” to “Chinese Virus”. Part 2

The globe is facing an unprecedented challenge which has its own name “COVID-19” and which definitely emanates a direct threat to humanity as a biological factor...

The independence test of a medium-sized power

In his essay “Without America. Australia in the New Asia” published Autumn 2017, Hugh White describes what would happen if Donald Trump called the Australian Prime Minister suddenly...
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 1 year ago

China-American Informational “Biological” Warfare: From “Yellow Peril” to “Chinese Virus”. Part 1

The globe is facing an unprecedented challenge which has its own name “COVID-19” and which definitely emanates a direct threat to humanity as a biological factor...

Heading for Outer Space. Part 2: Topography

The legendary German military strategist Helmuth von Moltke was known for not seeing the river, the forest, the field and the hills, but the “terrain"...
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 1 year ago

As oil prices fall, US-Saudi relations continue to sour

The US is planning to “fundamentally, not only reevaluate, but take actions that will start to undermine the long term relationship” with the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA)...

Brothers Karamazov as a geopolitical novel

The River Polist has its source at Lake Polisto in the western part of the Valdai Hills (about 400 km east of Riga). It becomes navigable at Staraya Russa...

AI, Big data, 5G. David P. Goldman on the US – China rivalry (Podcast)

David P. Goldman on the potential future scenarios for the China – US rivalry, and the domains where this rivalry be decided.

Heading for Outer Space. Case for Astropolitics. Part 1

The Covid-19 pandemic will eventually pass. Earlier it will change the world, having ploughed global value chains and inevitably changed the principles of globalisation of the last 30 years...
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 1 year ago

Ukraine’s postmodern Presidency and the strategic importance of “nation branding”

Perhaps it’s to do with owning and operating the biggest airplane in the world; perhaps it’s to do with the self-deprecating actor-turned-President...

Intermarium Weekly 22-29.04.2020

Eastern Europe is gradually and very carefully returning to normal life. COVID-19 is still the most important issue in all countries of the region. Many are planning to coordinate the process of reopening borders. However, many other interesting events have occurred...

The Unknown Father of Russian Contemporary Grand Strategy. Part 2

Wadim Tsymburski's concepts belong, one can suppose, to one of the most important theoretical achievements of this school of thinking within the Russian state elite...
S&F Hero 1 year ago

Chaos and Control on the Eurasian Steppe

To really comprehend the vastness of the Eurasian steppe and the ways of the societies that have long inhabited it, we need to think in terms of the cultural importance of horsemanship...

The Unknown Father of Russian Contemporary Grand Strategy. Part 1

Vadim Tsymburski is not a widely known thinker in Poland or elsewhere. Actually, apart from two works...
S&F Hero 2 years ago

The world order change – Jacek Bartosiak and George Friedman (Podcast)

Jacek Bartosiak is talking to George Friedman on the impact on Covid on the world order, US and China competition, future of Europe and Poland.

Europe – the place from which the world was made. Epidemics, wars and an eternal desire for unfulfilled consolidation. Part 3

Within the continent, France was most advantageously situated, due to the location of the Alps, which "end" on France’s eastern border...
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 2 years ago

From Lisbon to Vladivostok via Tiraspol

I believe that what [the Russians] want to do is maintain situations of strategic geographic instability on their flanks, to their benefit …

Arthur Herman. “1917. Lenin, Wilson and the Birth of the New World Disorder”. Book review

Arthur L. Herman (1956) is an American historian and senior fellow at the Hundson Institute.  This book is his latest piece published in 2017.

Florence and the Machine Age

Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for thou art with me; thy rod and thy staff they comfort me. - Psalm 23, Line 4

Intermarium Weekly 09-15.04.2020

The peoples and nations of Central and Eastern Europe are learning to live in the new conditions with Covid-19 pandemia spreading. Getting used to a new way of life is happening now. The way everything is going to end up is still uncertain.

Europe – the place from which the world was made. Epidemics, wars and an eternal desire for unfulfilled consolidation. Part 2

Beyond the Greek times facing the East and the Aegean and Black Seas, Europe's geostrategic history begins with Rome...
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 2 years ago

Chess and Geopolitics

Typically I find that those who like to view the world through a prism of the unevenness of geography have very little time for chess, with its flat board and what game theorists and economists might call its “perfect information”...

Europe – the place from which the world was made. Epidemics, wars and an eternal desire for unfulfilled consolidation. Part 1

The modern world and its order come from Europe. This is where the enlightenment and the industrial revolution were born, hence it was the Europeans who set out to colonise the world...
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 2 years ago

Intermarium Weekly 25.03-01.04.2020

Everywhere is the same now - people are isolated without any idea what lies in store for them next. The future will depend on how deep the medical crisis (evolving gradually into a social and an economic crisis) turns out to be...

Mackinder. Part 3

Mackinder predicted that there were three powers that were capable of conquering the World Island – i.e. Eurasia – the place where history is made...
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 2 years ago

A stay-at-home parent’s attempt to understand the world in 2020

The “invisible enemy” is forcing us to engage differently with the world: as producers, as consumers, as believers and non-believers, as friends, as family...

Mackinder. Part 2

The Polish thread is very important in Mackinder's work. The British geopolitician had to think a lot about observations from the above-mentioned political mission at Denikin's staff and talks with the most important Polish politicians. Thanks to this, Mackinder came to an independent opinion about Poland's political and military situation and its difficult geopolitical dilemmas...
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 2 years ago

The painful reality of strategic flows, and a history lesson

The current epidemiological situation shows the tangible reality of the impact the flow of people and goods makes on our lives...

An Eschatology of the Coronavirus: The New “Brave” World Ahead of Us All

There is now a need to find, if possible, some model which can explain to the billions of people around the world where we are, where we’re headed and what kind social and political order might emerge from the ashes of the current crisis...

Half a year which may prove crucial for Ukraine’s integration with NATO

The Ukrainian Prime Minister Denys Shmyhal at a recent press conference - one of the first after the forming of the new government - said that Ukraine is entering a global economic crisis.

Mackinder. Part 1

Whilst reflecting on Europe, the Intermarium and Poland, the figure and the achievements of Halford Mackinder - a British geographer and geopolitician - must stay with us for a little longer and in more detail...
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 2 years ago

The Nuclear Taboo

For most of the 45 years of the Cold War, as a rule, there was a bipolar system and bipolar nuclear rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union...

Land-based Deterrence Systems

As Poland’s conventional deterrence doctrine will be taking shape in the coming years, surface-to-surface missile systems will provide (varying) capability to influence the course and outcome of armed confrontation in both strategic and operational dimensions.
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 2 years ago

Russians on the revision of the Piłsudski-Giedroyc doctrine, or the renewed Polish imperialism

Experts of Russian Regnum Agency has been recently debating the issue of Polish-Russian competition for influence in Central & Eastern Europe, in particular in the "buffer zone" countries separating Poland and Russia, namely Belarus and Ukraine.

The nature of the Eastern Question for Russia in the XXI century

Relations between Turkey and Russia have typically been the most dramatic between any two nations in European history. They have an omnidimensional nature and at the same time they are almost never peaceful.

Davor Marijan “STORM” (2010)

In terms of military strategy and theory of warfare on the European continent, the post-Cold War period has had one specific feature. Namely, it has typically been a fight between unequal forces...

Town of Raczki – on the way to the famed Suwałki Gap at NATO Eastern Flank

On the eighth day of the war, the 7th Brigade approached the small town of Braniewo at night. The 9th Armoured Cavalry Brigade and the 20th Mechanised Brigade made convergent attacks on Kaliningrad...
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 2 years ago

Crimea is facing water shortages: the geopolitical angle

In Crimea, people together with Orthodox priests are praying for rains and snow because throughout the last six months there was no rain during autumn, winter has been dry, and the reservoirs are almost empty. Journalists are forecasting apocalyptic scenarios for Crimea, including drought. In Simferopol, the authorities are gradually introducing a regime of limited water supply.

Intermarium Weekly 24-29.02.2020

There is a great deal of popular anxiety throughout the countries of the Intermarium concerning the threat of the Coronavirus, which seems to be gradually encircling and surrounding the region...

Raczki Crossing in Suwalki Gap, NATO Eastern Flank, Military Analysis (Video)

Jacek Bartosiak explains the importance of the town of Raczki and the river crossing on the way to the Suwalki Gap at NATO Eastern Flank...

The Concert of Powers at the Opera House in Lviv

The concept of a "New Concert of Great Powers" is increasingly cited as an analogy to the nineteenth-century balance of powers, which was established to “ensure security and peace” in Europe after the conflagration of the Napoleonic wars. Now, none of the nations of Europe is strong enough to be able to play first violin in the potential new concert of powers - should such emerge...

The Time to Review Poland’s Grand Strategy in the East – is now. Part 2

Along with the statements of French President Macron, as well as many other politicians and strategists in the West - which testify to the faltering unity of the West and posit for the need to build a "new order" in Europe - Poland should revise its policy of "strategic restraint" in the East conducted so far for the justified sake of the cohesion of the West, and somewhat contrary to the logic of our geopolitical location for 30 years.
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 2 years ago

Intermarium Weekly 17-23.02.2020

The head of the Duma Committee on Defense, Vladimir Shamanov, said that Russia would conduct operational measures in response to the next large-scale NATO exercises near the borders of the Russian Federation...

The Polish Strategic View of Belarus

The dissolution of the Soviet Union left Russia with a strategic problem. For centuries, Russian national security had depended on a buffer that would serve to increase the difficulty of invading Russia. After the collapse, this buffer dissolved into its historicalnations – the Baltics, Belarus and Ukraine.

Time To Review Poland’s Grand Strategy in the East Giedroyć – Mieroszewski Doctrine – Is Now. Part 1

Juliusz Mieroszewski and Jerzy Giedroyć, remaining in exile in the West after the last world war, formulated a geopolitical doctrine which contained a simple maxim: "there can be no free Poland without a free Lithuania, Belarus and Ukraine."
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 2 years ago

Intermarium Weekly 10-16.02.2020

In our opening statement, that we have published last summer, we articulated our desire to share with our subscribers the Central & Eastern European (aka Intermarium) perspective on world affairs

Igor Zagrebelny „Międzymorze. Szansa prawie utracona”. Book review

This is the first major attempt in Ukraine since the events of 2014 to address the phenomenon of the Intermarium. It undertakes a deep intellectual reflection about the place of Ukraine in this developing geopolitical project.
Background Check 2 years ago

S&F Hero: America in Eurasia. Part 4

Since President Bush Senior’s presidency in 1991, the Americans have sought to counter the natural trends of multipolarity in Eurasia, fearing the instability and polarisation that were the bane of earlier periods and led to domination wars. Therefore, US military constituted for the post-Cold War world an ultima ratio regum...
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 2 years ago

Intermarium Weekly 01-07.02.2020

Last week brought a slew of diplomatic activity in the Eastern Europe. Mike Pompeo visited in Minsk and while there promised to cover all of Belarus’ oil demand. In Ukraine, Turkish President Recep Erdogan tightened Ankara’s relations with Ukraine and its new President Vladimir Zelensky against the Russian Federation as retaliation for Russian actions in Syria against rebels in Idlib...

Macron visits Poland, France revisits the old balancing game.

On Monday February 2nd, a plane carrying French President Emmanuel Macron touched down in Warsaw, marking the first time he had visited Poland since he was elected nearly three years ago.

S&F Hero: America in Eurasia. Part 3

While the post-Cold War golden time has come to an end, it must be remembered that the implementation of Washington's goals was explicitly laid out in what can be seen as a kind of Magna Carta for the grand strategy of the US after the Cold War - the 1992 Defense Planning Guidance...
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 2 years ago

US extended nuclear deterrence in the post-INF world (Podcast)

COO of New Generation Warfare Center Greg Melcher discusses the technological, political and military landscape of the post-INF Treaty world, nuclear deterrence capabilities of the United States, and...

Intermarium Weekly 27.01-02.02.2020

Pompeo travels to Kiev and Minsk; Germany and Turkey seek closer economic ties with Ukraine; Moldova slowly re-orientates itself towards the East. Minsk unexpectedly orders a comprehensive combat readiness of the Armed Forces of Belarus, and an answer to the Collective Security Treaty Organization under the leadership of Russia preparing own its exercises in Belarus.   

Belarus, the perennial borderland

Ever since Belarus emerged as a sovereign state from the chaotic period of the early 1990s, it has seldom caught the eye of western – and, lamentably, eastern – analysts...

What Are the A2AD (Anti-Access/Area Denial) Capabilities All About?

A2/AD stands for Anti-Access/Area Denial and has become an increasingly popular term in military circles over recent years. It’s a concept that refers to the military and technological measures...

S&F Hero: America in Eurasia. Part 2

In the first years of the post-Cold War period, the Americans sought to spread the principles of the Washington Consensus, which concerned the recommendations of the International Monetary Fund and...
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 2 years ago

Greg Melcher on logistic and military challenges awaiting NATO’s Eastern Flank (Podcast)

COO of New Generation Warfare Center Greg Melcher describes the logistical, military and force posture challenges awaiting NATO forces on it's Eastern Flank...

Intermarium Weekly 18-24.01.2020

In our opening statement, that we have published last summer, we articulated our desire to share with our subscribers the Central & Eastern European (aka Intermarium) perspective on world affairs

Putin in the Near and Middle East: assessments, outcomes and consequences

The first global geopolitical events 2020 were rapid and alarming. The consequences for the entire year are still unknown. Last week, the world was occupied with the Middle East - the events were happening so fast and unpredictable, that nobody knew what would come next and many expected the worst scenarios...

S&F Hero: America in Eurasia. Part 1

Power and the credibility that arises from power are the currency in international relations. It’s a brutal truth perfectly illustrated by the history of the entire 20th century and the position gained by the United States over the past century and at the beginning of the present century...
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 2 years ago

The Syrian express and a Mediterranean smoking chimney: The Russian fleet in the Mediterranean

In August 2008, Russia invaded Georgia. In its wake, the US Navy demonstrated its overwhelming land-attack capabilities in the Black Sea. It was supported by other NATO countries by sending ships through the Bosporus, which in fact frightened Russian decision-makers...

Intermarium Weekly

In the opening statement at Strategy&Future we articulated last summer the desire to share with our subscribers the Central & Eastern European aka European Intermarium perspective on world affairs, permanently influenced by the fluid balance of power in Eurasia and elsewhere in an increasingly volatile and fragile security environment that badly needs to be understood, not only by political and military leaders but also by individuals and business leaders...

An interview with Rt Hon Julian Lewis

Julian Lewis, Chair of the Defence Select Committee of the House of Commons, on the increasingly tight integration of the Royal Navy and the US Navy, role of the United Kingdom's military in...

Storm Brewing in the Former Grand Duchy of Lithuania, i.e. Seminal Developments in Belarus

Interesting, and perhaps slightly surprising, because China - contrary to Russia - has decided in the last phase of the unification negotiations to support Belarus's position...

Poland’s Eastern Buffer Zone

Regardless of cultural and civilizational differences, Poland’s grand strategy viewed Russia as the landlocked continental power, whose core area was surrounded by five external powers...
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 2 years ago

Russia’s New Model Army. Part 2

Despite - and perhaps precisely - because of the revolutionary nature and the momentum of change, the reform has not been fully completed...
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 2 years ago

Turkish Middle Eastern Strategy: Geopolitical Implications for Libya and Eastern Mediterranean

The West is witnessing a new challenger in the Middle East that does not comply itself with the traditional Western hegemony to the region that had been lasting for decades...

Russian hybrid war – what is it all about?

We often hear about the Russian hybrid war, or using a more professional term - the next generation warfare. What exactly does this mean? It's time to clearly explain to Strategy&Future readers.

Russian New Model Army. Part 1

„Russia has only two allies: the army and the fleet” - Tsar Alexander III.
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 2 years ago

S&F Hero: The Grand Strategy of Poland. Part 3

The formula of American alliances is changing. NATO from the collective model is transforming in Europe into a set of bilateral or group mutual assistance, assurance and...
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 2 years ago

Americans have always thought in terms of geography: The Purchase of Louisiana

True, geography, or more broadly speaking, geopolitics - understood as the deployment of resources across space, using pivotal areas, points of strength and transport corridors - is not the only factor that defines the way states (and more specifically the leaders of states) behave...

NATO and US Conventional deterrence in CEE (Podcast)

Jacek Bartosiak and Albert Świdziński discuss the Polish – and Eastern European – perspective on US and NATO...

S&F Hero: A Cursed dualism and the Nobel prize for Olga Tokarczuk

An intense bout of discussion started in Poland after Olga Tokarczuk was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature. This essentially boils down to the issue of dealing with understanding who we are and where we live...
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 2 years ago

Russia’s Gamble

Any position Russia takes in the Northern European Plain is not to calm the Russians...

S&F Hero: The Grand Strategy of Poland. Part 2

To survive (preferably in peacetime conditions), and then when the dust settles - to take the best possible place in the global division of labour...
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 2 years ago

What Is Power Projection All About

The term "power projection", often used in the language of military, geopolitics or geostrategy, is derived from the field of operational and strategic art, and...

Implications of U.S and NATO nuclear policies for the Eastern Flank countries (Podcast)

Extended nuclear deterrence, nuclear sharing - or what allied commitments the Eastern Flank needs to feel secure...

S&F Hero: Poland’s Grand Strategy: Response to Pence’s Fourteen Points. Part 1

Have respect unto the covenant; for the dark places of the earth are full of the dwellings of violence...
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 2 years ago

Dear Reader,

In the very first article we have published I presented you with our mission statement. Back then I wrote the following words:

S&F Hero: Europe: an Empire on its Knees

"If we cease to rule others we are in danger of being ruled ourselves."
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 2 years ago

S&F Hero: Strategic risk for Warsaw

The Francis Fukuyama’s optimistic vision of the end of history as defined in early nineties of the XX-th century was to bring to the nations the long-desired...
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 2 years ago

Air-Land Battle Concept

The brain behind the victorious Cold War operational Air-Land Battle Concept was General Donn A. Starry, who commanded the US Army Training and Doctrine Command between...

From Medyka to Rotterdam and back

They say that travel broadens the mind. Today, in the era of cheap flights, open borders and ubiquitous Internet, this saying takes on a special meaning...

The Revolution in Military Affairs and the Soviet reconnaissance-strike complex

In recent years, the notion of the Revolution in Military Affairs has been a sensation as a new stage in the way war is conducted. Something extremely important is at hand, so I decided that it would be necessary to...

Ian Brzeziński on the US-China rivalry, NATO and Poland

In his conversation with S&F founder and CEO Jacek Bartosiak, Ian Brzeziński weighs in on the China – US rivalry and...

S&F Hero: The Eastern Part of the Polish War Theatre

The Polish War Theatre covers the area from the Oder basin in the west to the Dnieper and Daugava (Dźwina) basins in the east. This area consists of several of the distinct geographies, that is...
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 2 years ago

“Geopolitics has never been obsolete” – Shafqat Ali Khan at Strategy&Future

Albert Świdzinski converses with Mr. Shafqat Ali Khan, Ambassador of Pakistan to Poland, on geopolitics, Poland, Pakistan, future of Eurasia and...

Mahan’s Next 100 Years

Alfred T. Mahan remembered mainly as a brilliant proponent and pioneer of modern naval strategy - also drew upon a deep understanding of world history to make some eerily accurate guesses at what the future might hold. This feels like a good time to look back on some of the predictions he made...

S&F Hero: Who We Are and Where Our Place Is

The Baltic Sea "turns" near the mouths of the Vistula and the Niemen to the north at the very length in which the Black Sea as the most distant outlet of the Mediterranean Sea...
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 2 years ago

The Geopolitical Antiquities

Ancient history seems to be an inexhaustible source of examples for all areas of human life. This is especially true of politics...

Prof. Hugh White on the US-China rivalry and Australia’s tough choices

Professor Hugh White speaks with S&F’s Albert Świdziński on the future of international order in Eastern Asia, dilemmas and hard choices awaiting Australia, and...

Smolensk Gate and the Golan Heights

The Polish theatre of war can be broken down into separate operational areas.

Russian Strategy towards the Turkish Straits. Part 2

The Montreux Convention deeply undermined the Soviets’ ambitions in the second half of the XX century, when the priorities had changed and the Soviet assets had to cope with...
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 2 years ago

WARSAW SECURITY FORUM, 2-3 October 2019

Is China a Threat to the Liberal International Order?

Journey to a forgotten place: Czesław Miłosz’s “The Issa Valley”

Lithuania. A unique place in Polish cultural awareness...

Russian Strategy towards the Turkish Straits. Part 1

If we assume that Russia had any geopolitical obsession, consequently we would not be able to find many of them that have survived throughout the centuries of Russia’s imperial rise.
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 2 years ago

The Status Game

Contrary to what voters or the average Smiths often think, political leaders are not free actors in their actions...

Football is the key to Africa

Africa is experiencing the demographic boom. The human talent is the greatest resource available to humankind. In 21. century the African continent will become...

Congo

Years ago, as a young boy playing with bottle caps in the yard, I really liked this uniquely original bottle among others, with a green flag and a hand holding a torch...

„On the Zbrucz” by Wiesław Helak

Winner of the Józef Mackiewicz Literary Award 2018

Tannenberg 1914

The summer of 1914 changed the European world forever...

Strategic Policy and Economy

Why is it that some countries are rich and have importance in the world, whilst others are poor and irrelevant?

Braniewo At the Frontier

8th August 2019 - in the early hours of the morning, I stood in Braniewo at ul. Zielona 25...

How Japan planned to win the Pacific War

- seen through the eyes of an intelligence officer of the Japanese fleet

Solihull to Vistula. There and back again

This June I spent my holidays in England...

S&F Hero: 5G, geopolitics and Crowe Memorandum. Part 1: Technology

Ceterum censeo Huawei esse delendam – whether he knew it or not, this was the message that Steve Bannon...
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 2 years ago

Country of Origin? ‘Eastern Europe’: the life and times of Józef Mackiewicz

Józef Mackiewicz is not a well-known figure amongst the Polish people.
Background Check 2 years ago

A Brief History of Wargaming

From the German Kriegsspiel to the Contemporary Era of Great Power Competition.

S&F Hero: Strategic flows

There is only one god – Poseidon – god of the sea; there is only one legitimate church confessing this god...
S&F Hero, Uncategorized 2 years ago

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