Wpisy z tagu: Ukraine Found 110 results

The Eternal Return and Eastern Europe. The Geopolitical Tragedy that Never Ends. Part 4 of 4

Eastern Europe is a specific region in the European continent because it has been a testing ground of grand geopolitics throughout the last three hundred years. The concepts of partition, spheres of influence, buffer zones, division lines, cordon sanitaire, and limitrophe were not only developed in theory...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
Background Check 5 months temu

Kirill Romanovsky’s “Eight Years with Wagner” (2023). Part 3/3

The invasion of Ukraine became a serious trigger for the development of military writings inside Russia. Since the beginning of the war, many books have been published that describe the Russian military and geopolitical mindset and conduct...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
Book Review 7 months temu

Kirill Romanovsky’s “Eight Years with Wagner” (2023). Part 1

The invasion of Ukraine became a serious trigger for the development of military writings inside Russia. Since the beginning of the war, many books have been published that describe the Russian military and geopolitical mindset and conduct. These books were often published for propagandist purposes, but the old Western school of Sovietology teaches us that to win over the enemy, we must grasp his way of thinking and find his weaknesses...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
Book Review, Recenzje 8 months temu

If the Russians had taken Kyiv… Day by day

I present an alternative course of history. What if the Russians had achieved their goals and seized Kyiv in February 2022 in a brilliant four-day campaign and, as a result, established a sympathetic government fully implementing Moscow's will? The story begins on 28th February 2022...
S&F Hero 8 months temu

The Cossack Mosquito Fleet in the Dnieper and Black Sea. Part 2

The Cossack naval asymmetric strategy and tactic was a unique historical phenomenon that provided not only bright stories for contemporary Ukrainians but was one of the geopolitical factors that reshuffled the balance of power in the Black Sea region and allowed the creation of the first Ukrainian state, the Cossack Hetmanate...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
Background Check 9 months temu

Where Goest Ukraine & NATO Strategy? (RAPORT)

"Where goest..." presents a list of requirements and considerations that should guide NATO's new Strategy aimed at deterring future Russian aggression...
Uncategorized 9 months temu

The Cossack Mosquito Fleet in the Dnieper and Black Sea. Part 1

The naval and maritime factor in the Russo-Ukrainian War has a multidimensional expression and it will play a more important role due to the geopolitical and existential importance to Ukraine and Russia of the Black Sea, the Sea of Azov, the Dnieper River and some other big rivers...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
Background Check 10 months temu

Is China a Global Broker or an Anti-System Power? Part 3 of 3

The decision of Beijing to publicly propose a peace resolution plan for the war in Ukraine was determined by many factors, however, the key component was that China decided to act as a global-scale arbiter...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
Background Check 12 months temu

Is China a Global Broker or an Anti-System Power? Part 1 of 3

This three-part series examines the Chinese global factor in international conflict resolution and will try to answer the question - Is China a Global Broker or an Anti-System Power?
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
Background Check 12 months temu

Tiers for Rears: A General Classification of Military Logistics in the Russo-Ukrainian War. Part 2

On March 5, 2022, the Government of the Russian Federation approved the decree “List of foreign states and territories that are committing unfriendly actions towards the Russian Federation”. There were proposed three categories of the states: ‘friendly’, ‘unfriendly’ and ‘neutral states’...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
Background Check 1 year temu

Tiers for Rears: A General Classification of Military Logistics in the Russo-Ukrainian War. Part 1

The war in Ukraine is a unique geopolitical event that resembles and combines many previous international and revolutionary wars that changed the course of history...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
Background Check 1 year temu

Modelling the War in Ukraine for 2023

The year-long war in Ukraine doesn’t demonstrate any sign of ending soon. On the contrary, everything indicates that the war hasn’t yet reached its apogee...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
Background Check 1 year temu

The Scandinavian connection

The war in Ukraine continues. Its course emphasises the very significant influence of the USA on the political system of Europe...
S&F Hero 1 year temu

Turkey and the Organisation of Turkic States: The Grand Design of Pan-Turkism

For a long time, the Turkic World formed a continuous historical and cultural space from China to Europe without the capacity to be a real geopolitical player in Eurasia, but under the leadership of Turkey, the Turkic World is today shaping a new geopolitical reality in Eurasia...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
Background Check 1 year temu

Lessons from the war in Ukraine. Part 4

This part of the series is a record of conclusions and observations resulting directly from conversations with the participants of this war — soldiers and officers...
S&F Hero 1 year temu

UKRAINE: An Economy on the brink

Despite receiving enormous military, economic, social and financial assistance from the West, the Ukrainian economy and social situation are going to deteriorate...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
Background Check 1 year temu

Military alliance with Ukraine

Oleksij Arestowicz in his recent conversations, including one with me (which you can watch on social media), has started talking about the need to build a military alliance between Ukraine and Poland...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
S&F Hero 1 year temu

The Battle of Kherson: Schwerpunkt of the war?

Ukraine and Russia are facing a completely new stage in the escalation of hostilities. The war is gradually changing its shape, form and perspective. It has become more aggressive and unpredictable...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
Background Check 1 year temu

Lessons for Poland from the War in Ukraine. Part 3

Today - part three about lessons from the war, for Poland and for our military...
S&F Hero 1 year temu

Lessons for Poland from the War in Ukraine. Part 2

In February this year, war broke out in the east. Russia attacked Ukraine. A certain stage in the history of our region and in the history of the world has come to an end...
S&F Hero 1 year temu

Apocalypse (not) now, or Russian nuclear threats in Ukraine. Part 2

What if the Russians wanted to end the conflict by using threats or actually using nuclear weapons...
S&F Hero 1 year temu

Lessons for Poland from the War in Ukraine. Part 1

In February this year, war broke out in the east. Russia attacked Ukraine. A certain stage in the history of our region and in the history of the world has come to an end. For years, here at Strategy&Future, we have been talking and writing about the need to prepare for the new times, to prepare for the reform of the Polish military. These new times have come...
S&F Hero 1 year temu

Apocalypse (not) now, or Russian nuclear threats in Ukraine. Part 1

Almost exactly sixty years ago, in October 1962, the Cuban crisis took place...
S&F Hero 2 years temu

Mobilization As a Geopolitical Act of Russia

After the Debacle in Kharkiv, the Russian Army forced the Russian leadership to search for the proper answer to the new military challenges...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
Background Check 2 years temu

Winter is coming. Part 2

Sometimes offensive actions and the manoeuvre of heavy units are necessary, but they must be well thought out and planned, because this is completely different from defensive actions...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
S&F Hero 2 years temu

Winter is coming. Part 1

On the fields of Ukraine, the twentieth-century method of conducting land war (centred on attack, tank columns, a fairly shallow front, and always incomplete reconnaissance, where the fog of war still reigns) is dying out...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
S&F Hero 2 years temu

Russia’s Protracted War in Ukraine – Part 4 of 4

The Russian political and military leadership is facing a dilemma in Ukraine...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
Background Check 2 years temu

Russia’s Protracted War in Ukraine – Part 3 of 4

When Putin stated in July that Moscow had barely started its campaign in Ukraine, daring the west to try to defeat it on the battlefield, it was considered a sign of Russia's readiness to continue its military campaign in Ukraine...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
Background Check 2 years temu

One step away. One step ahead?

How would the situation in Europe and in the world have developed if Kyiv had been captured by the Russians in the first days of the war?
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
S&F Hero 2 years temu

Russia’s Protracted War in Ukraine. Part 2 of 4 – The Matrix of Russian Military and Geopolitical Doctrine

In order to understand the current course of the war in Ukraine, we must go to the Marxist theory of war, which serves as the foundation for Russian military doctrine...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
Background Check 2 years temu

The scalable world war ahead

Nancy Pelosi's visit to Taiwan begins a new era of confrontation between the US and China, and with it, marks the beginning of an already open conflict over Eurasia...
S&F Hero 2 years temu

Russian Protracted War in Ukraine: The Revolt of Eurasia – Part 1 of 4

The war in Ukraine is escalating from one stage of the escalation ladder into another, but much higher than the previous, and no end is feasible on the horizon...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
Background Check 2 years temu

Poland in Ukraine – a Strategy&Future project

We have long proposed at Strategy&Future to increase Poland’s activity "in the eastern direction", in particular in Ukraine...
S&F Hero 2 years temu

Russian Pre-War Battle Doctrine and the War in Ukraine

Usually, when Russian military strategists or statesmen speak about military theories or doctrine, they concern the global or regional character rather than explaining the theory of the war at the tactical level...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
Background Check 2 years temu

On the importance of the eastern direction in Poland’s policy for the next 20 years

Jak informują dziennikarze ukraińskiej edycji magazynu „Forbes”, firma DTEK Energo, której właścicielem jest największy ukraiński oligarcha Rinat Achmetow, jest obecnie, w związku z wojną, warta ok. 580 mln dolarów...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
S&F Hero 2 years temu

Ukraine, sequencing and denial

The war in Ukraine unleashed by Russia represents the most serious challenge that has been faced by the United States since the end of the Cold War...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
Background Check 2 years temu

The Global Context of the Space Factor in the Russo-Ukrainian War. Part 4 of 4

Russia has been forced to cooperate closely with UK and US space companies, more than ever, in achieving their common goal, which is to continue their global dominance in the Earth’s orbit...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
Background Check 2 years temu

The Russo-Ukrainian War: An outline of the Lessons and Observations drawn by Russian Analysts so far. Part 2 of 2

Russia is currently using the old strategy of “Artillery is the God of War”. It is often possible to see how Russian experts are discussing the importance of artillery...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
Background Check 2 years temu

The Global Context of the Space Factor in the Russo-Ukrainian War. Part 2 of 4

The war in Ukraine is study time for military strategists throughout the world, who have been closely observing, learning and examining every move made on both sides of the battlefield...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
Background Check 2 years temu

The Russo-Ukrainian War: An outline of the Lessons and Observations drawn by Russian Analysts so far. Part 1 of 2

The situation in the Donbas is not desperate for the Ukrainian Armed Forces but it is very difficult...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
Background Check 2 years temu

The Global Context of the Space Factor in the Russo-Ukrainian War. Part 1 of 4

Satellites have turned Ukrainian territory into the zone of the most transparent war in military history. Both sides see each other’s moves and can predict and calculate options and scenarios...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
Background Check 2 years temu

“The Anxious Dream”- à rebours? A political plan for Poland’s victory and peace in the East. Part 2

Just as one hundred years ago, the war did not bring about the establishment of a federation, despite the Kyiv expedition, Ukrainian attempts supported by Poland, great victories of the Polish soldiers near Warsaw and on the Niemen River...
S&F Hero 2 years temu

“The Anxious Dream”- à rebours? A political plan for Poland’s victory and peace in the East. Part 1

My attention was drawn towards the following poem during Easter whilst reading Professor Andrzej Nowak’s latest book, the chapter describing Poland’s dependence on the Soviet empire after World War II...
Background Check 2 years temu

A few remarks on the political strategy of the Polish state in the new European circumstances (theses for discussion)

Interdependence is not a sufficient guarantee of peace, but breaking interdependence makes peace even more fragile and insecure. This is how one could define the essence of the strategic dilemma into which the democratic West has faced Russia since the outbreak of the war in Eastern Europe...
S&F Hero 2 years temu

The War for Resources: An examination of Russian geoeconomic goals in Ukraine

The geopolitics of the Russo-Ukrainian War has historical, security and ideological implications, but we shouldn’t avoid the environmental factor of this war...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
Background Check 2 years temu

Consequences of the war in Ukraine – the EU perspective

At the beginning of the 21st century, two main geopolitical visions were formed in the European Union...
S&F Hero 2 years temu

What Does Russia have left to Attack Poland during the Invasion of Ukraine?

The Russian invasion of Ukraine has predictably fixed a substantial proportion of the Russian Armed Forces...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna

“Denuclearisation” as a Russian strategic goal in the Russo-Ukrainian War

In addition to Putin’s two declared goals in Ukraine, “denazification” and “demilitarisation,” we should think about adding a third, which is to deprive the country of access to any source of traditional energy like coal, hydro, thermal, or nuclear power stations, most of which are stationed in Eastern and Central Ukraine...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
Background Check 2 years temu

Mackinder’s Nightmare, and Three Weeks that Shook the World

On the night of February 23rd to 24th, 2022, everything seemed to be going as Putin had planned. At the same time, the course of events was the nightmare of Halford Mackinder’s worst dreams...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
Background Check 2 years temu

Ukraine Fighting Against a Terrorist State – Russia. Could the War in Ukraine be the beginning of the Demise of an Empire?

Ukraine is resisting Russian aggression. Ukraine and the Ukrainian people have lost their territories, infrastructure, military material but it still holds its soul, pride, and zealously resists...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
Background Check 2 years temu

Nuclear signalling in the Russian-Ukrainian war

W niedzielę 27 lutego (na dzień przed spotkaniem rosyjskich i ukraińskich zespołów negocjacyjnych) prezydent Władimir Putin poinformował o postawieniu w stan podwyższonej gotowości sił nuklearnych Federacji Rosyjskiej...
S&F Hero 2 years temu

The Geopolitical Drama of Eastern Europe. Could Eastern Europe once again be partitioned? Part 2 of 2

The main take-away points from the events in Belarus from the summer of 2020 (the unrest of the pro-Western factions of Belarusian civil society) until the current refugee crisis on the Belarusian border with the EU are the following...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
Background Check 2 years temu

Ukrainian nuclear weapons, the great energy crisis and “the best place in the world”

In the 1990s, when Ukraine was forced to give up the nuclear weapons it had inherited from the Soviet Union, John Mearsheimer published a text that is forgotten today, arguing that Ukraine should remain a nuclear state against the will of the United States...
S&F Hero 2 years temu

How Ukraine Lost its Nuclear Power Status – Part 2 of 2. The Budapest Memorandum and Ukraine

On 5th December 1994, the three depository states of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) that entered into force on 5th March 1970 - Russia, UK, and the US - pledged to provide security assurances to Belarus, Kazakhstan and Ukraine...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
Background Check 2 years temu

How Ukraine Lost its Nuclear Power Status – Part 1 of 2

The Russian aggression against Ukraine since 2014 has reanimated in Ukraine the political and intellectual discussion over Ukraine’s restoration of nuclear power status. This initiative was immediately integrated into the informational war against Russia by the Ukrainian political establishment...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
Background Check 2 years temu

What awaits us in 2022?

It seems that 2022 may not be easy, bringing many challenges to the world and Poland. We at S&F will list a few of them, focusing on the absolute most important issues...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
S&F Hero 2 years temu

Ukraine – intoxication, status diversification, Munich, the Cuban crisis and a few questions for Poland

The current crisis related to Russian political and military maneuvering, and the West’s reaction to it, forces us to reflect on several issues concerning Poland’s vital interests...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
S&F Hero 2 years temu

Geopolitical Drivers of China and Russia towards Taiwan and Crimea. Part 2

In March 1965, Mao reportedly told the member of a Palestinian delegation: “Imperialism is afraid of China and the Arabs. Israel and Formosa are bases of imperialism in Asia. You are the front gate of the great continent, and we are the rear. They created Israel for you, and Formosa for us"...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
Background Check 3 years temu

The Ukrainian-Russian War: An Assessment of Risks, Scenarios and Theatres of War. Part 5 of 5

The experiences of previous Russian-Ukrainian confrontations shows that the easiest task for Moscow was to take control over Kharkov and Sloboda Ukraine...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
Background Check 3 years temu

The Ukrainian-Russian War: An Assessment of Risks, Scenarios and Theatres of War. Part 4 of 5

Theatre of War “C” – the Northern Tavrida ‘Peninsula’ - from a geopolitical perspective, this theatre is given by the geopolitical divine to be occupied if the Crimean Peninsula is already under control...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
Background Check 3 years temu

The Ukrainian-Russian War: An Assessment of Risks, Scenarios and Theatres of War. Part 3 of 5

Scenario Five - this scenario is closer to the second scenario or even to the first one, but in this scenario, Russia imposes its entire technological superiority and destroys the main concentrations of Ukrainian military equipment, material and navy...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
Background Check 3 years temu

The Ukrainian-Russian War: An Assessment of Risks, Scenarios and Theatres of War. Part 2 of 5

Scenario Two - here the strategic goals are much greater and the effects in case of its realisation would not be simply political or diplomatic...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
Background Check 3 years temu

The Ukrainian-Russian War: An Assessment of Risks, Scenarios and Theatres of War. Part 1 of 5

2021 will be the anniversary of Ukrainian independence and 30 years since the fall of the Soviet Union.,,
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
Background Check 3 years temu

“Free Odessa – Odessa Republic – Southwest Territory (1917-1919)” by Victor Savchenko (Book review)

Geopolitics has different expressions, usually global or regional, but sometimes it can be interesting to understand the phenomenon of geopolitics through the local angle. Victor Savchenko’s book which I present today is truly one of those books that give us a picture of how geopolitics works at the local level...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
Background Check 3 years temu

The Last 21 Years: Year (2)014

The Euromaidan protests in Kyiv started on 21st November 2013 after President Viktor Yanukovich announced Ukraine’s suspension of an association agreement with the EU, meaning the East European country would instead seek closer ties with Moscow. This was a post-colour revolution...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
Background Check 3 years temu

Ukraine’s Search for security: from NATO and PESCO to bipartisan relations with independent players (the US, the UK, Turkey). Part 2

London introduced a comprehensive post-Brexit strategy towards Ukraine and now it has several components...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
Background Check 3 years temu

British-Ukrainian military cooperation as a part of London’s Post-Brexit Strategy. Part 2

However, what were truly revolutionary and historic were the documents signed recently between London and Kiev. The Political, Free Trade and Strategic Partnership Agreement signed on 8th October 2020 in London during the official visit of the Ukrainian President to the UK...

British-Ukrainian military cooperation as a part of London’s Post-Brexit Strategy. Part 1

The United Kingdom is approaching the final stage of Brexit. London is thinking about the post-Brexit period of its history and is searching for a new post-Brexit grand strategy...
Background Check 3 years temu

Ukraine’s Search for security: from NATO and PESCO to bipartisan relations with independent players (the US, the UK, Turkey). Part 1

The main geopolitical imperative of Ukraine is to find a way to maintain its social and political resilience together with the territorial integrity of the country...
Artykuł tylko dla subskrybentów. Aby przeczytać, zakup plan Subskrypcja miesięczna or Subskrypcja roczna odnawialna
Background Check 3 years temu
This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site, you agree to our Polityką Prywatności.